Barns of Mackinac County, Michigan
135 Barns plus a few "extras"

R.V. ("Dick") Dietrich
Professor emeritus C.M.U.

Marquette Township
The first eight barns given for this township are treated like most of the others in this album.   The remaining nineteen are treated differently: One photograph of each of these is given as part of a composite. This is done because black and white photographs and descriptions of each of these barns are in the publication referenced as Pickford Area Historical Society (2004).  It seems noteworthy, however, to mention that most of the photographs of these nineteen barns that are in this album provide views that differ from those  given in the 2004 publication.  So far as the captions for these nineteen barns, only a reference to the information about the barns that is given in Pickford ... (ibid.) is given.

               The reason a map showing the location of the barns of this township, like that given for Garfield Township is not given is based on the fact that all but seven (7) of the barns in this county are shown on the map in the Pickford publication (ibid., centerfold).  Also, two of these seven are fairly remote from the others in the township, and the other five can be easily added to that map by anyone who feels the need for a location of barns map for this township.

To elaborate on the introductory statement for this Township:   Twenty-eight (28) barns were recorded as occurring in Marquette Township in the compilation by the Pickford Area Historical Sociey (Pickford, 2004), and one or more photographs and information was given for each.  Of that number, five (5) were noted as no longer standing.  Since that publication, another five (5) of the described group no longer exist (e.g., MaP-1, which directly follows these introductory statements);  that is to say, of the total of twenty-eight (28), which were described, only eighteen (18) are now standing.  And, as can be seen from the photographs in this album, all of which were taken in the summer of 2011, even some of these remaining structures are in less than good condition.  Indeed, my eyes became teary when I saw how some of these formerly great barns have deterioriated -- See, for example, the first photograph of this group.   

                   The number following the letter P -- e.g., P14 -- on each of the photographs of the four-photo composites is the number given that barn in the Pickford publication (ibid.).  It is given to facilitate comparison of the condition of the barn when photographed for that publication and its condition in the Summer of 2011.  The captions give the number assigned in this report, the location of the barn, and (enclosed in parentheses) the number of the barn, the reported date of construction (n.d. means no date given), and the page reference of information given about the barn in the Pickford report.

Ma2. (south of St. Ignace Rd.; NE¼ sec.9, T.42N.-R.2W.)  

            The "Nunn's Creek Kennels" portion of this structure is said to have been added by John Jamieson in the last "twenty-five or so" years.  Other information for this barn has not been forthcoming.

Ma4. (north of Taylor Rd.; SE¼ sec.9, T.43N.-R.1W.)

            This barn is known to have existed before the 1910s flu epidemic.  It is thought likely to date back to the late 1800s or early 1900s and to have been built for the Rutledge family whose homestead was on this property.  After its early use as a typical farm barn, Mackinac Island horses were wintered in it for several years. The last full time "resident" was a 26-year-old horse, who was in it in early 2011.

Ma5. (south of Taylor Rd.; NW¼ sec.14, T.43N.-R.1W.)     

            This barn, which has housed cows and horses and their feed in the past, is said to have been built "more than fifty years ago" for Wally Beacon. For a number of years, and when  it was photographed (early summer, 2011), it was used chiefly to store hay prior to its being shipped to Mackinac Island.  The 20 x 13-foot flag was painted on the one section of the barn, after "9/11," by Mike Newton, the current owner.  Unfortunately, this barn burned up on September 1, 2011, apparently because of  an electrical problem.

Ma6. (west of Rte. 48/129; NE¼ sec.24, T.43N.-R.1W.)    

            This barn was apparently built in the 1910s.  The nearby house of the original owners, Howard and Thelma (nee Gough) Adams, is dated as 1913/14.  The barn still contains several old stanchions and two box stalls, apparently for workhorses, as well as a rather large hayloft;  some of these features are shown in the composite on the left, below the main photograph.  These photographs were taken in the early summer of 2011.  Since then, Teri Kniss, the current owner, has had the exterior of the barn rejuvenated;  see the two photographs with the red border that are to the right below the main photograph.  She plans to have the interior redone in the near future.

Ma7. (west of Rte. 48/129;  NE¼ sec25, T.43N.-R.1W.)     

            This barn is said to date to the 1920s, and perhaps earlier.  The reason for part of the lower level being covered with shingles is not known;  I did not gain admittance so was unable to see if, for example, the shingles cover logs above the concrete base of that section.  The smaller, later attached structure with horizontal board sides, which is on the front, right, side of the barn was a granary.  The owner said that stanchions and attached water cups are still in the barn and that a grist mill is still in the granary.

Ma8. (south of Rockview Rd.; NW¼ sec.36, T.43N.-R.1W.)    

            This barn is thought to have been built in the early 1900s.  It was originally about a half mile west of its present location.  It was moved from that location, then known as the John Mitchell place, to its present location in the 1940s.  The inset photograph (courtesy Nancy Cornwell) was taken during that move. That photograph also shows the side and end of the barn not shown in the main photograph.   The barn housed dairy cows until the 1970s and subsequently beef cattle until fairly recently.  The rafters of this barn provide a good example of those that are connected to the posts with wooden pegs.

MaP-1. (south of Townline Rd.; NW¼ sec.1, T.43N.-R.1W.)  (= #56, n.d., p.28)

MaP-2. (south of Townline Rd.; NE¼ sec.6, T.43N.-R.1W.) (= #24, ~1947, p.16)
MaP-3. (east 5 Mile Rd.; NE¼ sec.6, T.43N.-R.1W.) (= #26, late 1800s, p.16)
MaP-4. (south of Townline Rd.; NW¼ sec.5, T.43N.-R.1W.) (= #32, 1905, p.19)
MaP-5. (south of Townline Rd.; NW¼ sec.5, T.43N.-R.1W.) (= #34, 1908+add-ons, p.20)

MaP-6. (south of Townline Rd.; NW¼ sec.2, T.43N.-R.1W.) (= #54, n.d., p.27)
MaP-7. (north of Blair Rd.; SE¼ sec.1, T.43N.-R.1W.) (= #58, pre-1904?, p.28)
MaP-8. (south of Blair Rd.; NE¼ sec.12, T.43N.-R.1W.) (= #59, 1937, p.29)
MaP-9. (south of Blair Rd.; NE¼ sec.12, T.43N.-R.1W.) (= #61, 1912, p.29)

MaP-10. (west of 1 Mile Rd.; SW¼ sec.2, T.43N.-R.1W.) (= #62, n.d., p.30)

                  This barn is shown differently because the photo was taken in the winter -- i.e., March 15, 2011.

MaP-11. (north of Blair Rd.; SW¼ sec.2, T.43N.-R.1W.) (= #64, n.d., p.31)
MaP-12. (north of Blair Rd.; SW¼ sec.2, T.43N.-R.1W.) (= #65, n.d., p.31)
MaP-13. (north of Blair Rd.; SE¼ sec.3, T.43N.-R.1W.) (= #67,~1924, p.32)
MaP-14. (north of Blair Rd.; SE¼ sec.4, T.43N.-R.1W.) (= #68, pre-1911, p.32)

MaP-15. (south of Taylor Rd.; NE¼ sec.14, T.43N.-R.1W.) (= #69, ~1921, p.33)
MaP-16. (south of Taylor Rd.; NE¼ sec.13, T.43N.-R.1W.) (= #71, ~1900, p.34)
2MaP-17. (west of Rte. 129/48; SE¼ sec.12, T.43N.-R.1W.) (= #72, n.d., p.34)
MaP-18. (west of Rte. 129/48; NE¼ sec.12, T.43N.-R.1W.) (= #73, early 1900s?, p.35)

MaP-19. (south of Blair Rd.; NE¼ sec.12, T.43N.-R.1W.) (= #57, n.d., p.28)

             This reason that this barn is shown differently from those of this sub-group is that it was not seen on my first drive through the area.



Ma1. (east of Simmons Rd.; SW¼ sec.30, T.43N.-R.2W.)  Extra no. 13:

            This structure is a "steel skin" on a mid-20th century hay barn (Martin Kopinski, its owner, p.c. 2011).  Kopinski described the older structure as follows:  It was built of timber with rough-sawn lumber sides, both of which were chiefly pine.  At one time, the sides and ends were covered by cedar shakes, and the roof had asphalt atop cedar shingles.  Nearly all the interior posts, beams, and rafters are those of the original barn. The floor is dirt;  the vertical wall and posts, of which there were 20, were based on concrete piers that were formed in 55-gallon drums.  The footings were replaced before the "steel skin" was added because some of the posts had moved -- so-to-speak walked -- off the centers of the original piers. This barn closely resembled the former barn shown in the composite photograph of the Ma3 entry (q.v.). The exterior "steel skin," shown in this photograph, was added in 2008.  This structure is designated as an Extra because I have not had access to, and thus do not know first-hand about, its interior. (cf. Ga59, an old wooden barn, now covered with metal, the interior to which I have had access.)

Ma3. (north of St. Ignace Rd.; SE¼ sec.4, T.42N.-R.2W.)  Extra no. 14:   

            What was left of this barn in the early summer of 2011 is a good example of what has happened and continues to happen to barns, especially to those the roofs of which have not been kept in good repair.  Since then -- i.e., by early fall, 2011 - all the structure except the concrete floor and pillars upon which the upright posts were resting has been removed. The former barn was built in 1932.  The original owner was George Lamoreaux.   The composite shows:  Right, the barn, before its demise -- i.e., as it appeared in 1997.  The top photo shows the west side;  the bottom photo is a view from the southeast.  (These photographs were taken by Kathy Lamoreaux McCabe, of Watertown, New York -- another coincidence because that is the city in which I lived from 1925 until 1938.)  

            The main part of this barn is said to have been similar in many aspects to the one that now has a "steel skin" -- i.e., Ma3 (q.v.).  Apparently the two main differences between these two barns were: 1) This barn was larger than that one. [and]  2) That barn did not have the "T" area, which is shown on the east side of this barn.

            The composite: Left, this tilted pillar and off-center post provide an example of one of the features attributed to the "walking barn" phenomenon.  Briefly, this hypothesized phenomena involves movement of one or more of a barn's posts atop the concrete pillars upon which they were placed but not secured -- i.e., the posts were merely set upon the concrete piers.  Apparently they were not attached to the piers because it was presumed that the weight they bore would keep them in place. The movement -- i.e., the "walking" -- is widely believed to be caused by high winds' blowing against the large broad sides of these barns.  But, other things such as earth movements or even off-center placements of large quantities (i.e., weights) of, for example, hay in their lofts seem likely to have been alternative or subsidiary causes of the movements of the posts.  In any case, the tilted pillar that is shown is thought to have been a response to such "walking" and the consequent shifting of the weight of the barn.  And, even this seems likely to be an oversimplification -- e.g., such things as differences in the subsoil beneath different parts of the piers and even  frost action may also have been involved.